a guest post by Mr. Cohen
In Yemen and other Muslim countries, this is taken literally.
The Jews avoid any appearance of affluence.
Rabbi Ovadiah of Bartenura in a letter to his father in year 1488 August 15:
“Jews in Muslim lands make themselves appear poor.
They go about like an impoverished, despised people,
with their heads bowed before Muslims.”
SOURCE: Pathway to Jerusalem: the Travel Letters of Rabbi Ovadiah of Bartenura, written between 1488 and 1490 during his journey to the Holy Land (page 40) translated by Yaakov Dovid Shulman, year 1992 CE, 93 pages,
CIS Publishers, Lakewood, New Jersey, ISBN 1-56062-130-3
“A scourge even more terrible than the prohibition against [Jewish] emigration was the forced conversion of [Jewish] orphans practiced by the Shi’ites of Yemen.
Since [year] 1929 [CE], when I first began to study the language and life - it would be more correct to say the languages and lives - of the Jewish communities of Yemen, I have been collecting materiel on this sad chapter in Arab-Jewish symbiosis.
Ancient Roman historians connected Jews with the Land of Israel and Jerusalem:
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