Various tribes and clans have lived here, wandered in and out, barely making a scratch in the history books. They were never a nation, and their most recent religion, Islam, is much younger than Judaism. Actually, it, like Christianity, is an attempt to supplant, replace Judaism. Think of "identity theft" in a theological and historic context.
Our history is well-documented. The Jewish Bible is recognized as a very legitimate history and theological book by the Christians. That's why they have the custom of "swearing on the Bible" at formal occasions and in court. Their additional bible is their attempt to replace Judaism, aka "identity theft." They do not deny the Jewish Bible. And the Muslims also adopted much of what is in the Jewish Bible, but with illogical revisions to suit their agenda that they are the new religion of the "one god."
Moslems consider their holiest city to be Mecca and don't mention Jerusalem at all. Early Christians moved their concept of holy city to the Vatican in Rome and became Catholics. Later on Christianity split into many different sects all worshipping Jesus in addition to god.
The Jewish People have used and preserved the Hebrew language over the millennia. The Ancient Jewish Bible in its original Hebrew is comprehensible to Jews today. We still celebrate the very same holidays in the same seasons as directed by G-d Almighty in the Bible. For thousands of years, Jews all over the world, regardless of location and climate, pray for rain in the winter according to the needs of the Land of Israel. That is because the Holy Land, here in the Middle East is the center of Jewish Life and History.
Every year on Purim, when I listen to the readings of Megillat (The Scroll of) Esther, I'm amazed anew when I hear the instructions to the surviving Jewish People at the end, to fast, feast and give "gifts." We celebrate the Purim Holiday exactly as described over two thousand years ago. To me this enforces, proves the continuity, historic legitimacy of the Jewish People and Judaism.
Leviticus Chapter 23 וַיִּקְרָא