None of the other countries that exist in the Middle East today have such a history, people and culture, and that is why there is so much violence. Look at these maps and the anarchy caused by the helter skelter drawing of borders and inventing countries and peoples.
Historic Political Borders
In the 1700s and 1800s, the once-powerful Ottoman Empire started to lose power. Great Britain, France, and Russia were on the hunt for new territories to conquer and began to interfere in the affairs and territories of the Ottoman Empire and Egypt.
In 1919, the British and French implemented the 1916 Sykes-Picot Agreement and divided the Arab world into nation-states. The League of Nations recognized these borders and allotted "mandates" to the French and British to govern these states until it was determined that they were ready for independence.
These are the current internationally recognized boundaries in the Middle East. Disputed boundaries are indicated with a dotted line.