After the destruction of the Second Holy Temple in Jerusalem, many Jews were exiled to Persia where King Achashveros declared national feasting by all in his own honor, which was marred by his Queen Vashti's refusal to appear. She was replaced by Esther, a Jew who neglected to admit her identity according to the instructions of her guardian Mordechai.That's a summary. If you want more details read Aish, Wikipedia, Ohr Sameach or anything else you can google.
King Achashveros appointed Mordechai's enemy Haman as his top minister, even giving him the powerful signet ring to declare laws. Haman made a law to destroy the entire Jewish People from old to young.
Mordechai reported to Queen Esther to convince her to lead the struggle to cancel the law. Esther ordered the Jews to fast for three days and then risked her life by requesting an audience with King Achashveros who welcomed her. She invited him and Haman to attend a special feast and then to another one at which Queen Esther revealed that someone in King Achashveros's court is planning on killing her and her people.
King Achashveros sentenced that leader, Haman, to death and gave Mordechai the signet ring and permission for the Jewish People to fight and defeat their enemies. The Jewish People are victorious and have been celebrating the victory ever since.
We shouldn't get distracted and lose our focus from the gist of the story. The Jewish People were saved because of two very crucially important reasons;
- We recognized our enemies.
- We physically fought them.